Young Power in Social Action[YPSA]
Considering the situation, YPSA is working on the project to convert text books from class VI-class X, to DAISY digital multimedia format, the contents can again be converted into DAISY full text full audio text books, Braille books and accessible e-books, from the source DAISY file, for the students with visual disability, print disability, learning disability and information disadvantaged group of students. The digital text books are accessible for all including the students with print disability and learning disability. It will be cost effective, less time consuming and universally designed so that all children can have an easy access to these reading materials all over the country.
Providing the same text in an audio version is a good alternative for many with these problems. Digital talking books are for EVERYONE who needs accessible information & for EVERYONE who loves to READ. Readers can play the audio and simultaneously display and highlight the corresponding text.
YPSA, along with Access to Information program (A2I), Prime Minister Office, has produced DAISY digital multimedia books for the student of class-I to class-V which proved much accessible and cost effective than the paper books for the students with print disability and learning disability. So, in this proposal YPSA intends to extend the range of text books converted in DAISY multimedia books for the student of class-VI to class-X thus covering the entire secondary level.
A person experiencing a print disability is typically denied a broad range of information that can be taken for granted. In many cases, the absence of such information will result in ignorance and lack of action or sole reliance on the advice of a third party. But all have the right to equal access to information. People should have equal access to information and knowledge regardless of disability; a right confirmed by the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
Students with print disability include dyslexic, partially sighted or blind learners. It may also include those with a physical disability such that they struggle to hold a book or turn the pages. Blind and partially sighted students cannot access ordinary written books unless they are first modified to very large print or Braille. Dyslexic students struggle with normal text as the letters may move or merge. Those with a physical disability may struggle to hold books or turn pages. The reasons for print disability vary but may include:
-vision impairment or blindness
-physical dexterity problems such as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, arthritis or paralysis
- learning disability, such as dyslexia
- brain injury or cognitive impairment
- English as a second language
- literacy difficulties
- early dementia
According to the WHO and Bangladesh Government finding, approximately four million people are visually impaired in Bangladesh. Visually impaired students are now studying at school and university level & there is a severe lack of adequate/ accessible study materials. Furthermore, approximately 48% (census 2011) of people in Bangladesh are illiterate or low literate. These large amounts of population can also be considered as print disable. Accessible information has not been available to this group. Information rights have not been recognized/ adequately met. Further barriers created for the print disabled and visually impaired.
Globally, ICT systems are providing the print disabled and visually impaired people with accessible information systems and study information materials; which allow them more equitable access to educational opportunities.
Across the country there is a range of work happening with print disabled people and it is important that this project proposal acts as a complement to existing projects not as competition. For blind and partially sighted students the government and the private sector provides a range of school services including five dedicated government schools for the visually impaired and 64 integrated schools with specific disabled access. At primary level the government provides a full suite of Braille books for students but as students move into secondary and tertiary education the coverage becomes less comprehensive with very little coverage at the tertiary level. This project will support the development of students with print disabilities, learning disability and also low literate students including other vulnerable and marginalized groups by creating access to course books and utilities which previously had not been available to them.
The wider group of print-disabled students is concentrated within the poorest sections of society often in rural areas. At this level access to information about rights, health and disaster management are key but are currently outside of the reach of people without basic literacy. Currently there are UISC (Union Information Service Center) and community multimedia centers to provide information on a local level and to provide access to technology to local people especially the print disable and information disadvantaged groups.
YPSA, with the support of innovation grant, in collaboration with A2I, has already prepared text books in accessible DAISY digital standard for the students of class I-class V.
The innovation of the project is the use of DAISY for the development of the students with print disability and learning disability by increasing their reading score. DAISY is an open accessible digital format, which has the most effective software to convert the text in DAISY text, so that the students with print disability and learning disability will have access to the information. It can combine different levels of text with the option of audio (MP3) that can be recorded (human narration) or synthetic speech. Text can be the full text of a book or merely a table of contents, and many levels in between. The text is tagged so a reader can use a Daisy player device or software on a computer to navigate between chapters, paragraphs and sentences. On a computer screen, text can be highlighted as the audio is played. Through DAISY text books can be converted into full text-full audio multimedia books, Braille books, accessible e-books etc. all from a single source file. Secondly these multi-media text books are accessible for all as which can be a model of replication.
The digital text books are available on the Jatyo E-Tottyokosh National Content repository for the wider dissemination of the digital text books to the print disable and information disadvantaged students from class VI-class X.
Our project address the target groups of students who don’t have access to the text books because of print disability –like visually impaired persons, illiterate people and also the people who are information disadvantaged.
The project is implemented through a GO-NGO collaboration, through the development and disseminating the accessible digital information.
The main objective of the project is to ensure accessible study materials by DAISY full text and full audio multi-media digital talking books, Braille books and accessible e-books for the students with visual disability, print disability, learning disability and information disadvantaged of class 1 to class 10:
-To initiate a process of developing and producing text books in accessible format for the students of class 1 to class 10 through the use of DAISY standard.
-To ensure the availability of the multi-media text books through JATIYO E-Tothyakosh in order to minimize inequality of information for the print disable, learning disable, visually impaired and information disadvantaged groups of students from class 1 to class 10.
-To develop an effective network to disseminate the multi-media DAISY reading materials across Bangladesh through community radio, USIC and different institutions.
We are using different DAISY Multimedia software such as:
-TPB Reader etc
All technologies that are used in this project are open sourced.which can founded www.daisy.org
-Finalizing the selection and preparation of text books from class VI-class X to convert in DAISY full text and full audio multi-media digital talking books after consulting with A2I.
-Production of DAISY full text and full audio multi-media digital talking text books from class VI-class X in DAISY format. From the single DAISY source file the books will be converted in Digital Braille books and accessible e-books.
-Uploading the digital text books on the Jatyo E-Tottyokosh.
-Organizing event for popularizing the digital text books.
-Guideline to develop linkage between UISC and A2I for delivering the digital text books-1 guideline.
-Provide orientation and developing network and Linkage with educational institutions to disseminate the contents to the target groups.
- Accessible e books (Epub3) has been developing which will create disability inclusive publication system and all including the students with visual disability, print disability and learning disability can access the e-book without any barrier.
- Unicode text with image have developed which will easily converted into DAISY standard. It’s a one-time investment which will reduce the cost.
-Digital Braille copies have developed. Through this the Braille production houses can produce Braille books for the students with visual disability, print disability and learning disability easily which will reduce the cost up to 70% and availability of these books to the target group will increase.
-DAISY full text full audio multi-media books accessible e books and digital Braille books have developed for the accessibility to the information and education for the students with visual disability, print disability and learning disability of class VI-class-X.
-The multimedia class rooms has been using these DAISY multimedia books for every student.
-The digital multi-media contents will be uploaded on Jatyo E-Tothyokosh/Online e book. These digital contents will be popularized to the students and the target group through accessible book popularization.
-The digital multi-media contents have disseminated through country-wide UISC, institutions and school for the blind.
- Network and Linkage have established with 100 different educational institutions to disseminate the information to the target groups.
- National level policy makers and civil society organizations will be aware about DAISY digital multimedia contents
Books from the project can be accessed at Jatyo E-Tottyokosh.
Jatyo E-Tottyokosh : (National content repository) its a content sharing platform from Government and Nongovernment organization. You will find thousand of content which include video, Audio, E-text etc. Also where you find the YPSA DAISY content. the website are http://www.infokosh.bangladesh.gov.bd/atricle/%E0%A6%95%E0%A6%BE%E0%A6%81%E0%A6%9A%E0%A6%BE-%E0%A6%86%E0%A6%AE-%E0%A6%B8%E0%A6%82%E0%A6%B0%E0%A6%95%E0%A7%8D%E0%A6%B7%E0%A6%A3-0
YPSA have awarded Innovation Grant in 2013 from Access to Information A2I prime Minister Office for converting text book in DAISY standard.
Young Power in Social Action(YPSA) is the associate member of the DAISY Consortium
- YPSA was awarded as best social development organization by social welfare department in Chittagong division in 2004. -YPSA has awarded International Youth Peace Prize (IYPP) 1999. - YPSA awarded National e-Content and ICT4D champion Award 2010 for DAISY (Digital Accessible Information System) for all in Social Inclusion and participation categories. -YPSA also awarded Special Mention award For Ship Breaking in Bangladesh web portal (www.shipbreakingbd.info ) under e- enterprise and livelihood categories from D.Net in association with Ministry of Science and ICT, Government of Peoples' Republic of Bangladesh. - YPSA also received Manthan Award South Asia for Ship breaking portal (www.shipbreakingbd.info) in the e- environment category and also awarded DAISY for All in Bangladesh in the e-inclusion category. - YPSA has awarded the Community Radio License from the Bangladesh Govt. Now YPSA operating Community Radio for building awareness on early warning system and climate change and health issues for the coastal population and using DAISY DTB content. - YPSA has awarded innovation Grant by access to Information program (A2I) of prime Minister office for DAISY book Production in 2013. - YPSA has awarded by world bank and Microsoft Srilanka ‘Youth Solutions! Technology for Skills and Employment’, 2013 -YPSA Awarded TIGAR project "Trusted Intermediary Global Accessible Resource Project" through WIPO in 2013. - YPSA has awarded DAISY For All project by Nippon Foundation Japan,through Daisy Consortium in 2005.